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Fabric Common Sense4 Mar 30, 2017

Professional nouns


Folding warp density


- the direction of the length of the fabric; the yarn is called warp; the number of yarns in the 1 

inch yarn is dense (warp density);


Folding weft density


- the width of the fabric; the yarn is called the weft yarn, and the number of the yarns in the 1 

inch is the weft density (weft density)


Folding density


- the number of yarns used to represent the length of the yarn in the length of the woven fabric, 

usually 1 inch or 10 centimeters of the number of yarns, the Chinese national standard specifies 

the use of 10 cm yarn number of yarns that density, but the textile business still It is customary

 to use the number of yarns within 1 inch to represent the density. As is often seen, "45X45 / 

108X58" means warp weft yarns are 45, warp and weft density of 108,58.


Folding width


- the effective width of the fabric, generally used in inches or centimeters, the common 36 inches,

 44 inches, 56-60 inches, etc., were called narrow, medium and wide, more than 60 inches of fabric 

Extra wide, generally called wide cloth, today's China wide width of the fabric can reach 360 cm. 

The width of the general mark in the density behind, such as: 3 mentioned in the fabric if the 

width is expressed as: "45X45 / 108X58 / 60" "that is 60 inches wide.


Folding weight


- the weight of the fabric is generally the weight of square meters of fabric weight, weight is an 

important technical indicators of knitted fabrics, woolen wool is also the weight of the weight as 

an important technical indicators. Denim fabric weight is generally used to "ounce (OZ)" to express,

 that is, the number of ounces per square yards of fabric weight, such as 7 ounces, 12 ounces of

 denim;


Folding yarn-dyed


- Japan called "first dyeing fabric" refers to the first yarn or filament after dyeing, and then 

use the yarn for the weaving process, this fabric is called "yarn-dyed cloth", the production of 

yarn-dyed factory Generally known as dyeing and weaving factory, such as denim, and most of the 

shirt fabric are dyed fabric;


Folding


We will be different materials, fabric shape characteristics and in the use of clothing design is 

briefly described below.


Thousands of bamboo fabrics


Wanzhuang fabric is a bamboo fiber as raw material to natural wild bamboo as raw material of new 

fabrics. It has the following characteristics: 1. soft and soft, 2. antibacterial antibacterial, 

3. moisture breathable, 4. green, anti-ultraviolet, 5. natural health care, 6. comfortable and 

beautiful and so on.


Soft fabric


Soft fabric is generally more light, drape a good sense, modeling lines smooth, natural stretch of 

clothing contours. Soft fabric mainly includes the fabric structure of the evacuation of knitted 

fabrics and silk fabrics and soft and thin linen fabrics. Soft knitted fabrics in the costume 

design often use a simple shape of the body reflects the beautiful curves; silk, linen yarn and 

other fabrics are more common loose and pleated effect of the shape, the performance of the fabric 

line flow.


Quite cool type fabric


Very cool type of fabric lines have a sense of volume, can form a full clothing contours. Common 

cotton, polyester and cotton cloth, corduroy, linen and a variety of thick wool and chemical fiber 

fabrics, such fabrics can be used to highlight the accuracy of the design of clothing design, such 

as suits, suits design.


Glossy fabric


Glossy fabric surface smooth and can reflect the light, a shiny feeling. Such fabrics include satin 

fabric. Most commonly used in night dress or stage performance service, resulting in a gorgeous 

dazzling strong visual effects. Glossy fabric in the performance of the dress in a wide range 

of freedom, can be a simple design or more exaggerated modeling.


Thick heavy fabric


Heavy-duty fabric is very thick scraping, can produce a stable shape effect, including all kinds 

of thick woolen and quilted fabric. Its fabric has a sense of physical expansion, should not be 

too much use of pleats and accumulation, the design to A-and H-shaped shape of the most appropriate.


Transparent fabric


Transparent fabric texture is thin and transparent, with elegant and mysterious artistic effect. 

Including cotton, silk, chemical fiber fabrics, such as Georgette, satin silk, chemical fiber lace 

and so on. In order to express the transparency of the fabric, commonly used lines of natural 

fullness, full of changes in the H-and round design-style design.


Active printing twill cotton 40: twisted cotton is the fabric of the manufacturing methods, 

especially in the home textiles, bed linen are mostly used on the two or three on the twill 

of the manufacturing process, so that the fabric out of the fabric surface is more full, 

easy in the printing process Open stereotypes, that is, we often say will not shrink. 

Twill cotton than plain weave fabric density, large amount of yarn consumption, wear 

resistance is good, mainly than plain weave, shrinking good control. Active dyeing is a 

dyeing technology, this method of printing and dyeing color is more delicate, beautiful color, 

will not fade. This printing and dyeing on the machine, water quality and other hardware 

requirements are relatively high, so not the general small factories can do.


Glossy fabric


Gloss-type fabric refers to the surface of the shiny fabric, because the light has a reflection 

effect, it can increase the body's sense of expansion. In the children's clothing design commonly 

used glossy fabric production of children's dress and stage clothing with magnificent, 

shiny feeling of light, and fabric light will be affected by the transfer of light and change, 

giving the feeling of mobile changes. Gloss-type fabrics generally include silk, brocade, rayon, 

leather, coated fabrics and so on. Silk, brocade, silk satin is soft and delicate, elegant and 

elegant texture, and more for children's dress and high-end dress production. Leather and coated 

fabrics, reflective strong, light sense of indifference, not soft enough, but there is a strong 

visual impact and sense of the times, suitable for avant-garde, urban, future style of children's 

wear design or create the effect of stage performance children's clothing design. Leather clothing 

wind and warm, in children's winter clothing and spring and summer clothing often used. 

Coated fabrics according to the nature of the coating, waterproof coating fabric for wind and sun 

clothing and other clothing, fluorescent coating fabric is used for children out of the night out. 

Children's clothing design is often used or with some bright and shiny fabric, not only to reflect 

the children's lively and splendid character, but also to allow people to pay more attention to and

 protection of children, such as children's clothing with some fluorescent color lines, 

Strong special weather, special circumstances are more likely to notice the children, so as to avoid

 danger.


Grinding printing


But also a printed, this fabric in the post-processing process, the sanding treatment, so that the fabric

 surface showing a certain cashmere feeling, improve the fabric feel. So what is the sanding? 

Sanding, also known as matte. A process of grinding a fabric with a short, dense matte surface 

is called a matte, also known as sanding. Can make the latitude and longitude yarn at the same 

time produce fluff, and short hair and dense. Suede smooth, feel full, soft, full of cashmere 

feeling, soft luster, no aurora. Matte fabric fluffy, thick, warm and good performance, 

in the cold night to sleep, there is no other cotton and the human body when the cold contact. 

At the same time can not afford the ball, do not fade and so on. A set of four pieces of sanding 

weight is a set of ordinary four-piece 2 times.


Satin fabric


Made of satin weave, conventional weft density of 173 * 124CM is a combing density of the fabric, 

soft texture, smooth surface, good elasticity, good ventilation performance, as a "tribute" tribute

to the emperor named. The first fabric itself requires a high density to pay the yarn, the second 

most important is the process of mercerization, and increase the brightness and softness of the 

fabric. This fabric is relatively smooth and feel good, good technology. This product is 60.


Jacquard fabric


Cotton high-density high-density jacquard home textile brand bedding according to the differences 

between Chinese and Western culture of the professional design, product noble and elegant, 

feel smooth, bright color, delicate and comfortable, moisture breathable. With a special 

rapier loom and special wide woven machine weaving, yarn fine. Popularly speaking, jacquard 

fabric is the pattern through the loom directly woven out, it is through different forms of 

organization, the different parts of the pattern to show. Jacquard fabric pattern three-dimensional

 sense is relatively strong, flower level is rich. Jacquard fabrics are generally high-density 

fabrics, feel soft, good gloss.


Satin Jacquard


Based on satin weave, plus jacquard weaving process, the use of two or several different organizations,

 or with different raw materials for the yarn, so that the surface pattern to achieve the level and 

achieve the design results, the processing technology is the first weaving After the dye, the product 

features to retain the superiority of the satin, more level and change, color and texture than pure

 satin more beautiful and pleasing to the eye.


Functional fabrics


In addition to the texture of the fabric before the classification, there is a functional fabric. 

Functional fabrics are fabrics that have some special properties and uses, such as waterproof, 

windproof, breathable, breathable, warm, oil resistant, easy to decontaminate, deodorant, 

UV protection, anti-static, anti-radiation, anti-blocking Burning, high temperature, acid and 

other functions. Functional fabrics on the market to clothing fabrics, mostly for outdoor 

sportswear, high-end casual clothes. New functional textile materials, polyester fiber is the most

 developed a synthetic fiber.


Functional fabrics are mainly obtained by functional fiber weaving method and function assistant 

padding method. Functional fiber manufacturing method refers to the use of special-purpose

 high-performance fibers in the yarn-spinning stage, such as "carbon fiber, aramid, aromatic 

sulfonamide, high-strength vinylon," as mentioned in the "National Key New Product Program Support 

Area (2012) High-strength high-modulus polyethylene, polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), 

polybenzobisoxazole (PBO) and other high-performance fiber ", which aramid fiber with high temperature, 

flame retardant and high toughness, can be made of various protective clothing, fire Clothing 

and bulletproof suits and so on. Functional additives padding method refers to the use of advanced 

coating technology in the cloth coated with different chemical raw materials to make it waterproof, flame retardant, anti-static, enhanced strength and other special features. Commonly used coating materials are PU (polyurethane) coating, PVC (polyvinyl chloride) coating and PA (polyacrylate) coating.